An attempted lynch mob attack against the leader of Turkey’s secularist main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu was encouraged by the Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu; daily Güneş provoked and shady people of the government party AKP were brought to the village and organised the attack.
BOLD – After 4 Turkish soldiers were killed in the South-eastern part of the country, Daily Güneş wrote a headline stating, “Are you happy now Ekrem?” (The new elected mayor of Istanbul from CHP).
The headline was published on the same day as Ekrem İmamoğlu’s rally in İstanbul. On the same day, the opposition leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu was attacked at a soldier’s funeral in Ankara.
During his election campaigns, Ekrem İmamoğlu attended a debate on a TV program with the editor-in-chief of daily Güneş Turgay Güler and gave him a hard time on live TV.
Turgay Güler was criticised harshly by a pro-AKP journalist afterwards due to his poor performance at the TV debate. It was even argued that İmamoğlu’s support was increased 2 points after the TV debate.
After these critics, Turgay Güler published an article targeting Ekrem İmamoğlu.
After the headline of daily Güneş, people reacted to Güler on social media stating that if Ekrem İmamoğlu was attacked during his rally in Maltepe, daily Güneş would have been responsible. Security measures were enhanced to prevent such an attack against İmamoğlu in İstanbul. However, an attack was organised in Ankara instead.
Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu was attacked during the funeral of soldier Yener Kırıkçı who was killed in Hakkari by the PKK terrorists.
Kılıçdaroğlu was hit several times and he sought refuge in a house in the village. However, the crowd circled the house chanting “burn it down”. Security measures were visibly insufficient to protect the opposition leader. The crowd was allowed to circle the house the opposition leader was in. After an hour of tension, Kılıçdaroğlu was picked up from the house in an armoured vehicle.
THE OTHER ARCHITECT BEHIND THE ATTACK IS SÜLEYMAN SOYLU
The first sign of organised attacks against opposition party CHP’s deputies at soldiers’ funerals were sent by the Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu. Süleyman Soylu said that he ordered the following to local governors on 28th June 2018:
“I sent my order to local governors not to allow CHP local representatives to attend soldiers’ funerals. That is it! They have only one address to visit and we will direct them there. Members of the PKK have funerals as well. They will have a seat at these funerals. If they cooperate at the elections, they should be together at the funerals as well.”
THE ATTACK WAS ORGANISED BY AGENT PROVACATEURS FROM OUTSIDE OF THE VILLAGE
Villagers’ statements reveal the organised nature of the attack. Following the AKP’s Minister and pro-AKP media’s lead, the controversial ‘street militia’ of the government played its role. It was argued that the AKP was planning such provocative attacks by militia groups like SADAT or Osmanlı Ocakları (Ottoman Houses). Villagers said they did not know people who carried out the attack and argued it was organised by people who came from outside of the village to attend the funeral.
The villagers commented on the attack against Kılıçdaroğlu: “Perpetrators are not from this village; they are all strangers.”
Twitter Reklamları’na ilişkin bilgiler ve gizlilik
HULUSİ AKAR ADDRESSED THE PERP ETRATORS: “DEAR FRIENDS”
While the crowds were circling the house chanting “burn it down”, the Defence Minister Hulusi Akar addressed the attackers as “Dear friends” and added that “You showed your reaction and gave a message” finishing his speech thanking the crowd. Akar defined the attempted lynch mob as a ‘reaction’ and a ‘message’ to the opposition.
AKP’S JOURNEY FROM BEING A TARGET AT SOLDIERS’ FUNERALS TO MASTER MINDING ATTACKS
The Justice and Development Party (AKP) representatives were being targeted by ultra-nationalist people at the soldiers’ funerals in the early 2000. Soldiers were refusing standing next to AKP representatives at the funerals and sometimes denying their attendance to funerals.
The table has turned and the AKP Ministers point to the opposition party as a target for soldiers’ funerals and pro-AKP media outlets encourage such acts.
ECHR fined Moldova for the kidnapped teachers
The Turkish teachers who were expelled from Moldova illegally appealed to the ECHR. The court found Moldova guilty and ruled for a fine of 125,000 euros for the teachers.
BOLD – European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) gave a decision to the application submitted by 5 educators who were detained and sent back to Turkey, for being the followers of the Hizmet Movement. The court ruled that there was a violation of human rights.
The Court held that there had been a violation of Article 5 – Sub-article 1 – of the European Convention on Human Rights and of Article 8 that is on Family and Private Life by Moldova in respect of the application. Moldova was sentenced to pay 25,000 euros as financial compensation for each Gulenist teacher.
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION
Based on the justified decision, despite the teachers specified clearly that they carried a fear of being tried in Turkey, in their asylum applications to Moldova, they were not given the right to choose under which judicial system to be deported and were handed over to the Turkish authorities right away. This act was described as a violation of human rights.
It was stated that the plan to expel the Turkish teachers in a private plane with the joint operation of Moldova and Turkish secret services was made previously. It was also reported that the deportation form beared a violation as it was not conducted on judicial grounds.
It was noted that those who filed complaints were people who were adapted to society and had families in Moldova. The deportation of these people had resulted in a radical deterioration of private lives and a violation of the ECHR’s principle of respect for family and private life.
THE AMBASSADOR’S SLANDER
After July 15, 2016, Turkey’s Ambassador in Moldova had complained, claiming that the teachers working in the Orizont Schools -running in the country – had a role in the coup attempt.
Following this complaint, the secret service of Moldova and Turkish National Intelligence Service (MIT) kidnapped Yasin Özdil, Müjdat Çelebi, Rıza Doğan, Sedat Hasan Karacaoğlu and Mehmet Feridun Tüfekçi in a joint operation. A total of 7 people had been deported to Turkey in March 2018. According to the statement made by the ECHR, the applicants are yet detained in Turkey.
This society, which has been able to digest genecide, digests malpractice easily
Aktar: A society that has been able to digest huge crimes such as genocides digests the unlawfulness, injustice, malpractice and the stolen money easily. There is an enormous digestive capacity in Turkey society. But, today we need to face it; it’s that simple.
Political scientist Cengiz Aktar is one of the leading experts of the European Union. He worked as an executive for many years in the United Nations. Especially the European Union’s migration and asylum politics, he worked on and wrote about democratization in Turkey, westernization, decentralization and human rights. He took part in the deepening and enlargement processes of the EU. We talked about Turkey’s future with Aktar who examines Turkey’s domestic and foreign politics regularly with his studies, books, and articles.
In this interview, we discussed the repressive regime in Turkey, the stance of the opposition, the next elections, the relationship between the political forces and Turkey’s foreign policy. With his extraordinary comments, Aktar explained bravely not only the political life, history, crimes, mood and habits of the country, but also Istanbul elections that will be repeated in Turkey.
Where is Turkey going?
It’s not going anywhere, it’s gone as far back as it can. A clogged society can’t go anywhere.
If we start with the phrase “one who is standing falls”, it is regressing. The majority of society is not capable of responding to the question, “Why are we in this situation?”
Do you think they’re asking the question?
The question is not even asked. The answer of those who ask it is short: Political Islam. “Political Islam did this, if it were Atatürk, Kemalism, we would not be like this.” The whole approach, question, and answer proceeds in this manner. Is it possible to get something out of this manner? No. That is why Turkey is not going anywhere. There are missing questions and answers, laziness. I am not hopeful. It’s a very timid society to ask real questions. How easy is it to decay? How everything is dumped? These questions are legitimate but no asking.
LAUSANNE PEACE TREATY IS A SAVING INTERNATIONAL CONTRACT FOR TURKEY
Is this decay just a problem of the last period?
Of course not. I’m taking it up to the genocides because I have a preliminary assumption: a society that has been able to digest the huge crimes such as the Armenian Genocide and the genocides will digest the illegality, injustice, corruption and stolen money easily. There is an enormous digestive capacity in Turkey society. Nobody wants to ask these questions. They don’t want to go back that far, not even my best friends. “Passed, gone, finished, let’s look at the present,” they say. But today, we need this confrontation to make things happen, to be stable. It is that simple.
How many communities did this? What is an exemplary society? German society, of course. There are a few other communities, but they are very problematic. When there’s no confrontation, ghosts come running back. Poland and Hungary, for example, have not asked themselves the right questions about the Holocaust. How are they doing now? Because their foundations are not solid, and also Turkey. It didn’t go into World War II, so it avoided asking these questions. It was left on the sidelines and forgotten. Lausanne is an international treaty that provided Turkey not to ask those questions.
I offer to face it now, but young people do not even know what the Armenian, Greek mean. They treat as foreigners to the Armenians and the Greeks. Therefore, it is very difficult to cope with these issues for Turkey. In the past, there was light: the European Union. I think if Turkey joined the EU, maybe, it could have a chance to recover such as Poland and Hungary. But, there is no opportunity. It is no longer a possibility. We have a very difficult period ahead, including civil war and coup.
Your answer pushes me to ask a lot of questions, but let’s go in turn. You talked about the confrontation, and we see that the Gülen Community has recently taken a different position in the Armenian Genocide and the Kurdish problem. I think their starting point is that“If they did to us so, who knows what they did to them.” Do you find this approach sincere? Did people begin to realize it after what happened to them, or because they are alone, are they trying to approach the other ones?
Some of the community’s thinkers ask the questions you mentioned, but others don’t, which I see. It is not an interrogation that covers the whole community, but yes, these questions are asked especially by the writers and readers. What you’re saying is actually a human approach. This interrogation is very understandable because people realize when something like that happens to them.
Is it good to realize when something like that happens to us? Does it take us anywhere?
Sure it will. As different from other communities, the Gülen community wonders and reads books, and they tend to ask these questions. But, it is a dream that they can create momentum in Turkey.
If we rearrange the question, must people be exposed to more injustice to seek justice, demand and reach it?
Let’s leave the Gulen Community aside; take the Republican People’s Party (CHP), voters. The CHP voter has been beaten up for years now, and will probably continue to be beaten because the party administration is still a monoblock. CHP is still squinting at the Kurdish issue and does not know what to say. It is extremely nationalist and struts of the regime in the final analysis. There are many examples of this: in the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, there was a vote about the government’s mistreating to the selected people in Turkey and the damage of the legislature. The members of the CHP voted “no”. Why? Because the CHP is a state party that established the republic and identified with the state. it is not easy to have empathy and sympathy for the Kurds and all the oppressed. Doesn’t anyone at the party say that? Yes, Sezgin Tanrıkulu and a few others…
CHP and other so-called opposition, in fact, not the so-called opposition, let’s call them domestic and national opposition are more royalist than the king about what happened in the occupation of Afrin, Cyprus, the Greek island. So there’s no dynamic here. The CHP will continue to be beaten up because the government will continue to have the opportunity to exploit them in all respects with the tactic of divide and rule as long as there is no alliance between the beaten up parties.
PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATİC PARTY (HDP) IS THE ONLY REAL OPPOSITION IN TURKEY
You say the opposition cannot make a real opposition. the AKP is becoming more conservative, and you don’t see any chance of renewal or transformation in the CHP. How will the change occur? Is there a chance that those who are in favor of democracy in the CHP pass to the HDP?
Certainly. Something like that should be considered. I’m not sure how many problems the CHP has with the 2017 regime. I see that this freak regime called the Turkish presidential system has not been adequately examined by the CHP executives.
Their opposition is not to this system. As if they are dealing with the sex of the angels; “Do we put the phrase ‘T.C.’ to the Municipal Building, or not;” etc. I’m not sure that the CHP has different policies from the government. It’s just outdated secularism. As far as I see, it does not offer any policy proposal other than to replace the Kemalist infrastructure that political Islam tries to disrupt. They find their proposals adequate, but Turkey needs many more proposals. In this sense, the only real opposition in Turkey is the HDP, because they say something different; Do they all say, what is the relationship between them and the PKK? These are separate issues. There is not a formation except for the HDP when we look for a new discourse in Turkey. It is difficult for HDP to be carriers of the dynamics of Turkey, which is why Turkey is not going anywhere. It pauses.
CHP has no proposal. All offers and wishes are for returning to the past. For example, Turkey needs administrative units between municipalities and the center. In such a large country, it is not possible to manage the locals only through the municipality, but the CHP is against it. They don’t think. they’re wearing swords. They had already done it. They did it in the Constitutional Reconciliation Commission. At that time the BDP had brought it up, and the CHP was opposed to this concept such as the MHP’s opposition.
– Why the CHP can not produce policy?
The state party thinks like the state and so do the masses. Before the June 23 elections, the mood is as follows: We will vote one, we will give it to Ekrem İmamoğlu, everything will be very nice, everything will be fine ”. there’s a huge audience in Turkey living in a fairy tale that Turkey will have an early election, and İmamoğlu will be the President.
YOU CAN NOT GIVE A NAME TO THE REGIME IN TURKEY
– Why can not we give a name to the regime? Why do not they accept the problem to solve it?
You can not give a name to the regime in Turkey. The opinion leaders have a great responsibility for this issue. For example, the concept of authoritarianism, which describes every political regime that deviates more or less from democracy, is a complete example of the truism, so it is not true. There is an illusion in this approach. If the head of the authority goes away, the system will operate normally. And there is an assumption that someone who is democratic can replace the authoritarian. Not so, Erdogan is not the only man in Turkey. In Turkey, there are millions of large and small, women and men, young and old Erdogans. There is a mass of supporting this regime in Turkey. When we look at the theorists who find and develop the concept of totalitarianism, we see the emphasis on mass. Central Asian dictatorships and African dictatorships are not totalitarian. There are dictators or autocrats, oppressive regimes, forced labor. Turkey has no forced labor. People do not want to understand it. at least 50% of the society want Erdoğan wholeheartedly in Turkey with their tears from their eyes, trapped in his feet… such as Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin. It’s something else; people don’t want to see them. they think the audience we’re talking about is tricked. There is also scorn: “You are fools, Erdogan is fooling you through religion”. No, it’s not. This mass is fascist and wants to stay fascist. It’s a desire. It’s a mass that kills dogs and women, so I’m talking about the possibility of civil war and coup.
– Can we say for Turkey, ‘Kemalism was planted at the beginning and’ …
We should be careful. At that time, they were minorities, Kemalists were minorities. It was a minority dynamic. Not so now.
SAVE US, EKREM!
– Then, it is a real democracy. People choose what they want.
Yeah, we could say that. The Kemalist era you were talking about was an imposed, forced period, and now there is voluntary servitude. They’re still taking votes for Erdogan in this case of Turkey.
– What’s their motivation? Religion?
Chaotic. There are religion, fraudsters, those who have self-interests and play doubles. there are also worshipers inside and outside the figure represented by Erdoğan. Like Hitler worshipers. It’s not easy to substitute.
It is also sad to think that things will change with this single person and presidents are saviors. We have experienced this in our youth, “Save us, Father!” and “Our hope is Ecevit!”. 50 years have passed, and we have the same thing “Save us, Ekrem!”. Why we came here and how to get out of here cannot be predictable
– Nature does not like gaps, have Nationalists come to the vacant of the Gulen Community? I mean, wouldn’t the AKP have been so nonsense if it was alone?
Of course. The AKP has never been alone. Since 2002, the AKP has always moved between reform and the state. Kurdish initiative and other policies were not the only things made to collect votes. There was a quest, and the party had a will to transform Turkey in the true sense. Something was broken due to the AKP’s indecision; a conservative state, and the fact that it came between reforms like Pandule. The state has two red lines; fundamentalism and separatism. When the AKP came to power, the red line of fundamentalism was lifted. It was difficult to digest, but the state absorbed it, leaving the red line of separatism.
– Can we open the state a little? What is the state?
People, bureaucracy, army; the state is not an abstract concept. The State is always in front of people in Turkey and always puts its existence in front of human life, which is called survival. In other words, even if there are no people in these lands, the state should remain, and this is the state. There are factions, mobs, parties, people who support this idea. When the community came out, a strong wing of the state came back in an alliance by saying ‘politics does not like the gap.’ Now, they are in an alliance with the rightists, leftists, Ergenekons, Eurasians, and political Islamists. There seems to be no opposition, but there are. they are the passengers of this path. Everyone is pleased with this request, one way or another. To seek the solution in this context does not take Turkey to a new social and permanent or a democratic constitution, because it is impossible to solve the Kurdish issue in this context. This could be done with the EU acceleration, but this opportunity escaped.
TURKEY WAS LEFT ALONE WITH THEIR FAKE INTERNAL DYNAMICS
– When did they give up their intention about the EU?
There are also external factors, but in fact, the AKP got bored on the way back and forth between the state and reform, but there was no pressure to return this way inside or out. the signature was there. the signature is important for Europeans. They left the EU process spontaneously, I have seen disobedience here from the beginning. The EU process has exceeded the AKP. But, other than the AKP, no one adopted the process of neither the CHP, the community, nor the Kurdish political movement. When the AKP started to fend off the process, no one came out and said “EU membership is important for this country and its people, let’s continue our way despite everything”, and the opportunity escaped. Everything has been so much harder because Turkey has been left alone with its own fake internal dynamics. Done.
– Is the ongoing relationship with NATO intimidating the West or is there a serious will that wants it to break?
They don’t know what to do because the country has no resources, no savings, no money. It’s not in a position to sustain itself. For example, Turkey is not an Iran, Iran has oil. So it shouts, criticizes, but turns and continues on its way by shutting up.
THOSE ARE LOW STANDARD PEOPLE
– Simply, you say Turkey can not break its ties with NATO.
It’s not obvious, because there’s no control due to irrationality and unlawfulness. There is no internal control mechanism, no separation between the forces, and the team is unpopular.
These problems can not be solved with those who gather around Erdoğan, or Çavuşoğlu and Albayrak. Those are low standard people.
– You said civil war, who gets out on the street?
On June 23rd, I think that the ruling party will win the election…
– Will it win the election?
I think that there will be no elections. Even if there is, there won’t be an election for four years, and this process will force the economy and foreign policy regime very much. we don’t know about how this is reflected the domestic, and how a part of the community reacts, how the regime reacts to the reaction. But there is a possibility of civil war and a coup to suppress it. In economic policies and foreign policy, the back of the regime rests on the wall, and there is no way to go. The economic crisis will bring tremendous dissatisfaction. we don’t know how hot friction will occur between those who can’t tolerate and the supporter of the regime.
-You said that the opposition and the power have not produced very different policies, and they have met briefly around the “Turkishness Convention”. There are also Turks who are absolutely uncomfortable from this situation, but they are not many. Let’s put them aside. Non-Muslims are not also many. They will cut their voices to adapt, but the Kurds are not. What about the Turkish-Kurdish relationship or friction in this process?
There are two kinds of Kurds. Although they are uncomfortable with the AKP’s repulsion of Kurdishness, Kurdish identity and culture, there is a considerable Kurdish population that supports the AKP. The Kurds have divided in half. Not all of them have a fighting attitude. The Kurds have at least one Rojava. if nothing happens to it, which seems not to be going to happen, Rojava is a hope. The civil war that I am talking about will be between the Turks and Turks, not between the Kurdish and the Turks, and I don’t know what the Kurds do in this civil war. I think they do not support any of the two conflicting Turks.
-What could be the salvation plan?
I can’t even imagine. Erdogan does not go himself he is a politician who has committed tremendous crimes. So, he will not go spontaneously or by-election, because every crime he has committed will be revealed from the moment he goes. As I said, there is a culture of impunity and irresponsibility in Turkey from the Armenian Genocide year. It may also be said to Erdoğan: ” transfer your power, we will forgive your constitutional and legal crimes that you have committed many times a day during this whole period.” However, we have nothing from this approach. This impunity has penetrated us so much that we are a society that digests so many sins easily. It is not a solution to say Erdogan to sit in his corner. what will be so many victims? It’s huge victimization. Turkey needs courts like the Nuremberg courts. there’s huge debris. The debris is institutional; all institutions have been razed. There has been also moral debris for 100 years. you can not wait for all the solutions from one man, Ekrem İmamoğlu. He’s gonna do everything. Can he turn into a superman and do something like that?
Davutoglu and Babacan have no chance. To lower the regime, the president and the parliament by dividing the AKP, finding 360 deputies, which means that the Good Party and the HDP cast the same vote, and to trigger new elections; these are dreams.
–Why don’t they resign collectively?
This is important. If HDP turns back to the nation alone, it doesn’t have any effect. They already want HDP gone. If the CHP resigned collectively, it would work, but the CHP does not even think about it. The decision-making boards do not have this discussion. they cannot even boycott.
THE PARLIAMENT OF THE REGIME, THE OPPOSITION OF THE REGIME, THE CAPITAL OF THE REGIME
-Is it important to remain a member of parliament, to receive a salary, and to be respected?
In the final analysis, yes. Demirtas called it a “democracy” game. The Parliament is the garbage of unregistered proposals. Thousands of questions are given, but not even spoken. They are ignored. everyone is satisfied with not only the salary but also the system. These are the national opposition, the CHP is so in the final analysis. The opposition of the AKP regime is like the capital of its regime. TUSİAD(The Turkish Industry and Business Association) criticizes the government, takes a sharp answer; then, it can not stand against the government as before. They had an ad in the newspaper against Ecevit, can they do it now? He makes them regret because the state is the main employer. These are the parliament of the regime, the opposition of the regime, the capital of the regime.
THEY SEE TURKEY AS THIRD WORLD COUNTRY
-How do they see Turkey abroad?
There are those who have an attitude of appeasement if they have an economic profit. They invested in the country because they thought Turkey would eventually become an EU country. It is impossible to take out the money from the country. The factories are left, so they undertake. Turkey won’t collapse like Greece or Portugal. The NATO relationship is decisive, and this is the fact that they do not want Putin to rein Turkey. Except this, they see Turkey as a third world country. For the West, both Turkey and Egypt are the same. It is the funny thing that Turkey does not know the Middle East. Its mind has been closed to the region since 1923. In 2011, although there was no information on the region, they jumped to the region. In foreign affairs, the number of people who speak Arabic does not exceed 10; now, there are probably more, even if they do not know the culture of those countries. nobody knows and cares about what happened on 6 May 1916 that Cemal Pasha executed the Arab political elite in the Damascus square. From 2009, they have emerged with a completely hollow fallacy called new Ottomanism. This was the motivation for neglecting the EU; ” what is EU? We are good on our own,” they went into the air and flew.
-How did we get here?
Political Islam, represented by the AKP, was not a movement with a strong infrastructure in itself. ıt was never a movement. The Gulen Community was the brain of political Islam. When that brain went away, there was a huge brainless body, like Frankenstein.
A great opportunity escaped on June 7, 2015. The CHP and Deniz Baykal were those that worked hard to escape the opportunity. What they did was a complete national stance. The state focused on how to get rid of a parliament full of Kurds, which was a breaking point for the country.
The 2013 Gezi Park and 17/25 December events had already been in the meantime. Erdogan was already sleepless, and at the end of 2014, the government decided to settle the Kurds. Then the State entered into the repressive spiral of today. The decision made by the SBE on 6 May is the natural result of this process. It is one of the last pillars of the continuous blow. After that, the closure of the parties may come. It’s possible, he may close them.
The election in June may not be made. Neither the economy nor the foreign policy nor the domestic public can endure this situation. He won’t go by-election, but he will go with chaos. After that chaos, what is established instead current system, what will be the size of the debris? The answers will be certain at that time-exactly, for this reason, I claim that there is a possibility of a coup. However, getting rid of Erdoğan is not a solution to Turkey ‘s being itself again. “First, we should get rid of him, and then, we see what we’ll do!”, which is not a healthy approach, because no one produces policies in this direction, even HDP. Briefly, no exit without sinking.
– Is there any loss of soil in that sinking?
Could be. Of course, it couldn’t be willingly, but yes it could be a break. It’s an old approach “give, get rid.”
-Does the longing for secular life support this rupture?
But then they will have to “clean the unwanted Muslims and Kurds from the area where they live.