The Rights Initiative (Hak İnisiyatifi) issued a report on 28 disappearances which are known as Black Transporter incidents. The report paid attention to the tortures and the silence of the government.
BOLD – The Rights Initiative Association in Ankara published an investigation and research report on illegal detentions that were held by public officials since 2016.
The report included the cases of abductions which were supposedly done by public servants since the state of emergency declared after July 15, interviews with the relatives of the missing people, the question proposals given to the TGNA on the subject, the claims submitted to the case files and information obtained from open internet sources.
PUBLIC SERVANTS IN CIVILIAN CLOTHING
In the report, there were allegations that a total of 22 people were illegally abducted before February 2019. There was also information about the people who were allegedly kidnapped and detained, Mustafa Özgür Gültekin, Zabit Kişi, and Ayten Öztürk who stated the details of tortures during their detention on their defenses in judicial processes.
The report stated that in February 2019, a total of six people were illegally detained, and it was emphasized that they were still missing.
The information in the report was obtained by interviewing first-degree relatives and lawyers of those detained after February 2019, It was claimed that: “Yasin Ugan and Özgür Kaya were detained with an operation in front of civilians in the house they live by a team of several people, like Mustafa Yılmaz who was on his way to work in front of his house. Salim Zeybek’s wife Fatma Betül Zeybek also expressed that, his husband was detained by armed persons after a chase while she and her husband were in a vehicle, including their children. The same people transported her to Ankara”
PERPETRATORS SHOULD BE REVEALED AND PUNISHED
By addressing the governors of the state, the report requested, “to investigate these allegations by the public authority, to inform the public about these allegations, to take action for the immediate elimination of violations and punishment of perpetrators if these allegations are correct.”
16 PEOPLE WERE DETAINED IN ANKARA
Some of the findings in the report were as follows: As previously mentioned, it was alleged that a total of 28 people were illegally detained by persons who identified themselves as public servants since 2016.
It was considered that 26 of the 28 people were the supporters of the Gulen Movement and at least 16 of them were allegedly detained in Ankara. On the other hand, in cases of alleged unlawful detentions since 2016, it was often stated that Volkswagen Transporter vehicles were frequently used just like the reminiscent of Toros vehicles in the 1990s.
ABDUCTIONS ARE TORTURED
The court defense of Ayten Öztürk who is the only woman among the abductees had also wide coverage in the report. It had excerpts from the Ozturk’s court defense which state that she was subjected to falanga, sexual harassment, burning her body, dehydration in a period of 6 months. The report asserted that all abductees were similarly tortured too.
The report noted the following on the allegations of forced abductions and detentions: “In particular, the narrative of the persons interviewed by our association on these allegations is sufficiently detailed and consistent with other narratives.
If these claims are true; it is necessary to mention that rights and principles which are accepted both in international human rights texts and in the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey like freedom and security of person, prohibition of torture and ill-treatment, right to a fair trial and presumption of innocence, in some cases in particular the right to life seriously violated.
Regardless of the alleged offense, everyone can only be detained, questioned, tried and punished under the law. If various organs of the state apply some solutions to bypass legal procedures to overcome some difficulties, they create terrible problems that cannot be compensated and they are never acceptable.”
The report stresses that: “The fate of 28 people who were forcibly disappeared is different from each other and there is no satisfactory information available. Some of them are still missing, some of them are prisoners in jail, and some may have gone abroad after being released”
THE NAMES OF THE MISSING PERSONS
The names of the missing persons before February 2019 and the dates of their disappearance are as follows:
Sunay Elmas (27 January 2016), Ayhan Oran (1 November 2016). Mustafa Özgür Gültekin (21 December 2016), Durmuş Ali Çetin (17 May 2017), Hüseyin Badce (28 February 2017), Mesut Geçer (26 March 2017), Turgut Çapan (31 March 2017), Önder Asan (1 April 2017) Cengiz Master (4 April 2017), Mustafa Özben (9 May 2017), Fatih Kılıç (14 May 2017), Cemil Koçak (5 June 2017), Murat Okumuş (16 June 2017), Enver Kılıç (30 September 2017), Officer (30 September 2017) 30 September 2017), Hıdır Çelik (6 December 2017), Ümit Horzum (6 December 2017), Ayten Öztürk (13 March 2018), Orcun Şenyücel (21 April 2018), Hasan Kala (20 July 2018), Fahri Mert (12 August) 2018), Ahmet Ertürk (16 November 2018)
The missing persons after February 2019 and the dates of their disappearance: Gökhan Türkmen (7 February 2019), Yasin Ugan (12 February 2019), Özgür Kaya (12 February 2019), Erkan Irmak (16 February 2019), Mustafa Yılmaz (18 February 2019), Salim Zeybek (20 February 2019)
NATO might face an existential crisis over Turkey
Unearthed information on NATO-Turkey relations makes NATO Summit, to be held in London on 3-4 December, all the more critical.
The Turkish Air Force did a test for S-400 systems with F-16 fighters in Ankara on Monday. President Erdoğan said the S-400 issue would be discussed at the NATO level as a result of concord with the US President Trump.
An anonymous Turkish diplomat gave a statement to the Reuters, stressing that if the Alliance does not accept Turkey’s stance toward the YPG and designate YPG as a terrorist organization in the summit declaration, Turkey would veto the NATO defense plan for the Baltics and Poland.
Decisions are made by consensus in NATO. If a country vetoes the resolution, the decision cannot be implemented. After Russia’s annexation of the Crimea in 2014, the Baltic states and Poland began to see Russia as a threat. NATO decided to take a series of measures both to resolve the security concerns of these countries and to deter Russia’s aggressive attitude.
The Trident Juncture Exercise, conducted in November last year, was the most extensive and highest participant NATO exercise ever held. Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF) was established against a sudden Russian threat in the Baltic countries and Eastern Europe. In April 2019, it was decided that NATO units would be more active in the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea.
However, from an objective point of view, it is visible that measures taken could not deter Russia, for the latter rather continues to implement its policies more decisively.
Taking into account the fierce environment where the Baltic states located, Poland’s security concerns at their highest level and a debate on “the brain death of NATO,” initiated by Macron, Turkey’s diplomatic maneuver to overcome the tension regarding the S-400 and YPG can be seen as a ruse. Well, is there any truth to it?
As stated by Merkel, even though Turkey engaged with Russia much more than the Western alliance in the last few years, Turkey is seen as a country that should be kept within NATO to prevent the country from having more momentum on these axis changes. Russia, aware of the said situation, is using its influence on Turkey to create an internal crisis in NATO.
The reported transfer of the control of railways on the Baltic line between Moscow-Saint Petersburg to the Land Forces by the Russian Ministry of Transport disclosed on social media by the nationalist accounts along with the statement given to Reuters gives the impression that Turkey and Russia are acting in concert.
Putin openly states that he is ready to intervene at any moment in the Baltic countries and Poland. The consequent atmosphere strengthens Turkey’s hand. Besides, disapproval of the defense plan would be a severe failure to NATO, as well as the realization of NATO’s brain death. While there is the reality of German Chancellor Merkel’s response to Macron’s statement that “Europe will not ensure its security without NATO,” such a failure could push not only the Baltic countries and Poland but also other continental European countries to seek new structures.
The establishment of a novel European security mechanism under French leadership can be voiced louder than before. As the success of the initiative will depend heavily on cooperation with Russia, which already holds the ropes in energy, maybe more involved in European affairs. Germany, which has taken power in the EU economically and has not brought up the issue of military power by acting with a Bismark-like foreign policy understanding so far, may choose to determine its destiny.
For the United States perspective, which criticizes EU countries for not making enough sacrifices on defense spending, watching the crisis first expect members to put forward their preferences and seeing that the members realize that NATO is the best option for everyone in the short term, then intervene the crisis can be considered as the most rational state. Accordingly, NATO’s effectiveness depends mostly on the US attitude. As a good businessman, Trump can turn this advantage over and transfer some of his NATO spendings to EU countries.
The world is going through a significant transformation. The world is facing a big transformation now. NATO, which gave a great test of adaptation to change after the Cold War, is on the eve of conversion again. One of the most critical items in the agenda of this Summit will be the discussion of the German and French proposals at the meeting of Foreign Ministers for this transformation. The consensus principle in NATO will likely be on the agenda.
NATO is the only international organization that Turkey can raise consequential views. As such, big moves on the eve of significant transformations may cause unpredictable consequences. Although Turkey’s move seems smart in terms of timing, it is quite risky in terms of conjuncture.
Turkey, amidst her collaboration with Russia, can be perceived as a country that shook the foundations of NATO. Turkey should always be a country that determines its agenda. The most significant responsibility here lies with the bureaucrats and politicians who put the interest of the country above everything.
S-400 defense system purchased to protect Erdoğan’s palace, critical journo says
The missile defense system that Turkey purchased from Russia and caused the crisis within NATO was first tested in Ankara. The allegations that the system was preferred to protect Erdogan’s palace were thus strengthened.
The Russian-made air defense system S-400 was tested in the capital city of Ankara, which caused controversy. Ünal Çeviköz from Republican People’s Party (CHP) criticized the situation, and the journalist Zeynep Gürcanlı said: “It was purchased to protect the Palace.”
BOLD- Turkish F-16 warplanes flew over the country’s capital Ankara on Monday and Tuesday to test the country’s brand new Russian S-400 missile defenses. For this reason, the provincial governor’s office warned the public not to be worried about the F 16s and other aircraft that would conduct low- and high-altitude flights over Ankara.
Defend Ankara or Turkey?
S 400 air defense systems were tested in Ankara, which caused controversy. “Is the S-400 to defend Turkey airspace or Ankara? Can the system with a 600 km radar range not be tested outside the settlements?” Ünal Çeviköz, the CHP Deputy Chairman, asked.
‘Erdoğan will protect his palace’
Foreign Policy columnist Zeynep Gürcanlı stated that the testing of the S-400 in Ankara is linked to the security of the Palace. Gürcanlı said “S-400s were purchased to protect the palace. When I said that before, everyone was angry with me.”
Erdoğan does not trust NATO friendly army officers
It is an important topic of debate in Turkey that Erdogan does not trust the Turkish Armed Forces senior commanders, the member of Nato. While the palace is being protected by about 2,500 police, the air defense will be provided by the Russian air defense systems that Turkey paid billions of dollars.
The question of why Erdogan’s Palace was not hit by airplanes in the controversial July 15 coup attempt is frequently asked by the opposition parties. On July 15, Erdogan’s Palace, even his huge garden, was not hit. A bomb was thrown on the road outside the palace’s garden.
Main Opposition Party’s leader, Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu named ‘ July 15’ as ‘controlled coup attempt.’ Also, it is claimed that Erdogan purchased Russia’s S400s to protect himself from the Turkish army.
How is Turkish Military Personnel who served in NATO being purged in the Turkish Armed Forces?
History repeats itself, the best way to empower despotism is to establish own Army. This is the similarity of Stalin and Erdoğan.
Stalin purged tens of thousands of officers from the Red Army after the Great Purge between 1936-1938. What happened in the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) after July 15 also reminds great purge.
So, how is the ruling political power conducting this large-scale purge in TAF, Turkey’s oldest institution roots back to many years?
Those who will write today’s history will note that civilian-military cooperation was perfect on the “purge operation” after July 15, even if it was not on the battlefield.
After 2008, a core staff working inefficient posts in TAF started a detailed tagging activity of military people. Their priority target was the officers who served in NATO.
After July 15, these tag lists are the primary source for the purge process of dozens of generals, thousands of officers and TAF personnel.
While these tag lists are forming the backbone of the purge process, the prosecutions primarily serve to fabricate evidence on target names.
This mechanism works as follows. The extreme-nationalist team at the TAF fabricate crime link templates in line with these tag lists. They give these fabricated templates to the National Intelligence Organization and Intelligence Branch of the General Directorate of Security. These templates are sent back to TAF as a crime intelligence report by the National Intelligence Organization and Intelligence Branch of General Directorate of Security after they finish shaping.
Then TAF gets in touch with proxy prosecutors and issues a criminal complaint file with these reports. The proxy prosecutors open a secret investigation file. The most important part of the process starts here. In order to gain public support and provide legal reasoning to prosecutors, this process is leaked to media.
Before the operations begin, pro-government, especially Nedim Sener, start orchestrating information campaign to form public opinion.
After this topic gets matured in newspapers, retired soldiers, so-called proxy experts, such as Ahmet Zeki Ucok, Mete Yarar and Ahmet Yavuz address their concerns on TV to shape public opinion and gain support.
Then prosecutors launch the operation by accepting what is written in newspapers and what is said on television as an indictment. And dozens of soldiers are being detained in one day. Some of them are forced to sign ready statements by torture or other promises. Names of other soldiers who have been tagged before are also included in these ready statements. The statements of the confessor soldiers are immediately leaked to Nedim Sener. Nedim Şener shares this with the public in his new article, and he starts the groundbreaking activity with a few sentences for future operations.
This can be better understood from a concrete example.
On 7 October 2019, Nedim Sener wrote that the Fethullah Gulen Movement had chosen its own men in the entrance process of the Turkish Naval Academy. On October 18, military officers were detained at the end of the Istanbul-based investigation. 18 officers were arrested. Their testimonies were taken with torture and intense psychological pressure. The statements were immediately served to Nedim Sener and Sener wrote these statements on October 23rd.
He also added that “If this happened in the Navy, it must also have happened in the Air and Land Military Academies”. Thus a similar operation was paved in the Land and Air Forces.
Everything is happening in front of the public eyes and the TSK is leaving the Western pact step by step with this massive purge.
So, what did Stalin do after the great purge? In 1943, in order to save his country from the German occupation, he released the imprisoned soldiers and returned them to their posts. Should Turkey live the same misery to put an end to this carnage?